Advice for parents

The ear is connected to the back of the throat by a special conduit called the Eustachian tube. In young children this duct is very narrow, so it can easily clog, especially during a cold. The obstruction can lead to an infection, called otitis media, which may be of a bacterial or viral nature. 
For this reason it is not always essential to use the antibiotic, because in a high percentage of children the acute average otitis can heal without the use of an antibiotic. The pediatrician will decide in which cases it is necessary to use an antibiotic.

Symptoms

• Fever 
• Headache pain 
• Crying 
• Restlessness

To cure

Your pediatrician may decide, depending on the age of the child and the severity of the symptoms, to wait to prescribe an antibiotic, because in 70-80% of cases the otitis improve and / or heal spontaneously: in the meantime will advise you to use of drugs to combat pain. In case of real need, the pediatrician could prescribe an antibiotic after having assessed with your otoscope the ear of your child. In the event your child suffers from recurrent otitis episodes, the administration of antibiotics for long periods of time is no longer recommended due to the risk of antibiotic resistance developing.
Fever and pain medications used Paracetamol or Ibuprofen (AVOID THE CONTEMPORARY ADMINISTRATION OF THE TWO DRUGS). Medications instilled directly into the ear or nose are not indicated in the treatment of average otitis. The instillation and nasal washes with saline solution are useful to promote proper breathing and avoid obstruction of the airways, often responsible for otitis.

By Dr. Giuseppe Felice – Pediatrician Doctor 
Initiative by UNILIFE | Living healthy 
For targeted advice, contact your pharmacist